Author: Peter Schreiner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Das Byzantinische Reich hat in seiner knapp tausendjährigen Geschichte die Entwicklung Europas wesentlich bestimmt und bis heute tiefgreifende kulturelle Spuren hinterlassen. Peter Schreiner betont die Rolle Byzanz’ als Vermittler und Bewahrer antiker und christlicher Traditionen des Ostens und die Fähigkeit dieses Staates, sich immer wieder dem Wandel zu stellen und neuen Gegebenheiten anzupassen. Wer die Grundzüge der Geschichte des Byzantinischen Reiches kennt, kann die bis heute andauernden Spannungen zwischen östlichem und westlichem Denken besser verstehen.
Coming of Age in Byzantium
Author: Despoina Ariantzi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The various phases of life and their manifestations in theory and social reality constitute a well-established area of research in the fields of western medieval studies and ancient history. In this respect the Byzantine East has been widely neglected. This volume will focus on the Byzantine experience of adolescence, which may be defined as the biological transition from childhood to adulthood as well as the social and psychological experience of leaving the care of parents, guardians and family groups and the gradual integration into adult society. The contributions gathered therein treat seven subtopics that correspond to crucial questions in the current research on adolescence: the legal status of adolescents; the mechanisms of transition from childhood to adolescence; the socialisation and gradual integration into adult society; adolescents in Byzantine art; psychological aspects of adolescence from medieval to modern times; illnesses of adolescents; adolescents in the western medieval world.The focus is on the Middle and Late Byzantine Period, where historical, hagiographical,legal and medical sources offer rich material for an investigation of these aspects. The book contributes to a better understanding of all these questions and to show future trajectories for research.
The eastern Roman Empire was the largest state in western Eurasia in the sixth century. A century later, it was a fraction of its former size. Ravaged by warfare and disease, the empire seemed destined to collapse. Yet it did not die. John Haldon elucidates the factors that allowed the empire to survive against all odds into the eighth century.
A vital role within Byzantine literature is played by epigrams. A considerable number (more than 1000) are still preserved in situ, found on frescoes, mosaics, portable icons, and small objets dart. In addition, inscriptional epigrams have also been transmitted in manuscripts, where they are used as margins of miniatures or as figure poems. This first volume of the series Byzantinische Epigramme in inschriftlicher Uberlieferung is devoted to epigrams on frescoes and mosaics. More than 250 epigrams on frescoes and almost 20 epigrams on mosaics have been preserved from the period between 600 and 1500 CE. In a detailed introduction, questions concerning the definition, the history, and the form of Byzantine epigrams are discussed; in addition, attention is given to the specific characteristics of epigrams on frescoes and mosaics. The main part of the book consists of a critical edition of all the epigrams under consideration, their German translation, as well as a commentary focusing on philological, linguistic and historical matters. At the end of the volume a number of indices are provided, including an index of the epigram beginnings, of Greek words, of biblical, ancient and Byzantine references, as well as a general index. In addition, tables are included that present photographs of almost all the epigrams discussed.
The idea of publishing an extensive Encyclopaedic Prosopographical Lexicon of Byzantine History and Civilization (EPLBHC) was conceived in Greece, where - with Alexios Savvides as founding editor - the first volume of the Greek EPLBHC was prepared and eventually appeared in 1996. Six volumes have been published so far, the last two (V-VI) in early summer 2006, covering letters alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon, but obviously not including C, which in Greek is divided to a large extent under K (kappa) and to a lesser extent under ? (khi). On the other hand, the gamma entries will appear under G in the English edition. Volumes I to IV of the Greek edition (1996-2002), accompanied by a separate bibliographical volume on secondary works reaching the year 1998 (2000), have been extensively cited both in lengthy reviews and footnote references. Thus, it was recently decided to continue the project on a much larger scale and to launch it in English, in this way opening it to a much wider reading public. The Greek project will continue, as well, with each project complementing the other.
The First World War was a pivotal event in world history, but Americans often overlook the importance of their participation in the war. The United States and the First World War provides a concise, comprehensive and engaging evaluation of the war's significance in American history by examining the causes of the war, mobilization on the homefront, key social reforms enacted during the war, military strategy, the experiences of soldiers, the Versailles Peace Treaty, and the lessons Americans drew in the postwar years from their wartime experiences. Was the First World War a just war for the United States? This lively and interesting guide, full of maps and key primary source documents gives students the resources they need to grapple with this important question, and also to analyze how the war changed millions of American lives.
A new view on the various possibilities to experience and to perceive the Holy Roman Empire in the late medieval imperial cities Augsburg, Nürnberg und Lübeck. Einen neuen Blick auf die Möglichkeiten, das Reich in den spätmittelalterlichen Reichsstädten Augsburg, Nürnberg und Lübeck zu erfahren und wahrzunehmen.
The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law provides an authoritative and original overview of the origins, concepts, and core issues of international law. The first comprehensive Handbook on the history of international law, it is a truly unique contribution to the literature of international law and relations. Pursuing both a global and an interdisciplinary approach, the Handbook brings together some sixty eminent scholars of international law, legal history, and global history from all parts of the world. Covering international legal developments from the 15th century until the end of World War II, the Handbook consists of over sixty individual chapters which are arranged in six parts. The book opens with an analysis of the principal actors in the history of international law, namely states, peoples and nations, international organisations and courts, and civil society actors. Part Two is devoted to a number of key themes of the history of international law, such as peace and war, the sovereignty of states, hegemony, religion, and the protection of the individual person. Part Three addresses the history of international law in the different regions of the world (Africa and Arabia, Asia, the Americas and the Caribbean, Europe), as well as 'encounters' between non-European legal cultures (like those of China, Japan, and India) and Europe which had a lasting impact on the body of international law. Part Four examines certain forms of 'interaction or imposition' in international law, such as diplomacy (as an example of interaction) or colonization and domination (as an example of imposition of law). The classical juxtaposition of the civilized and the uncivilized is also critically studied. Part Five is concerned with problems of the method and theory of history writing in international law, for instance the periodisation of international law, or Eurocentrism in the traditional historiography of international law. The Handbook concludes with a Part Six, entitled "People in Portrait", which explores the life and work of twenty prominent scholars and thinkers of international law, ranging from Muhammad al-Shaybani to Sir Hersch Lauterpacht. The Handbook will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international law. It provides historians with new perspectives on international law, and increases the historical and cultural awareness of scholars of international law. It is the standard reference work for the global history of international law.
Capek Four Plays
Author: Karel Capek
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
"There was no writer like him. . . prophetic assurance mixed with surrealistic humour and hard-edged social satire: a unique combination" (Arthur Miller) This volume brings together fresh new translations of four of his most popular plays, more than ever relevant today. In R. U. R., the Robot - an idea Çapek was the first to invent - gradually takes over all aspects of human existence except procreation; The Insect Play is a satirical fable in which beetles, butterflies and ants give dramatic form to different philosophies of life; The Makropulos Case is a fantasy about human mortality, finally celebrating the average lifespan; The White Plague is a savage and anguished satire against fascist dictatorship and the virus of inhumanity.
Zooarchaeology in Greece
Author: Eleni Kotjabopoulou
Publisher: British School of Athens
Animals have always been integral to life and culture in Greece. Recently the study of animal bones has played an important role in investigations of Greek archaeology. In this volume the current position is reviewed with papers ranging from the Palaeolithic to the Medieval periods and employing a wide range of techniques and approaches. The papers cover not only the themes of subsistence and methodology but also symbolism, ritual and the artistic representation of animals. The interdisciplinary and international character of zooarchaeology is confirmed and many new avenues for research are suggested.
Crossroads to Islam
Author: Yehuda D. Nevo
Publisher: Prometheus Books
For the most part, Crossroads employs a very rigorous, historical methodology....this reviewer finds much of Nevo and Koren's work to be plausible or at least arguable, and it certainly provides a powerful challenge to the mainstream view of the origins of Islam....the account given by Nevo and Koren must be seriously considered by scholars of early Islam. -Middle East QuarterlyIn this controversial exploration of the early history of Islam, archaeologist Yehuda D. Nevo and researcher Judith Koren present a revolutionary theory of the origins and development of the Islamic state and religion. Whereas most works on this subject derive their view of the history of this period from the Muslim literature, Crossroads to Islam also examines important types of evidence hitherto neglected: the literature of the local (Christian) population, archaeological excavations, numismatics, and especially rock inscriptions. These analyses lay the foundation for a radical view of the development of Islam.According to Nevo and Koren, the evidence suggests that the Arabs were in fact pagan when they assumed power in the regions formerly ruled by the Byzantine Empire. They contend that the Arabs took control almost without a struggle, because Byzantium had effectively withdrawn from the area long before. After establishing control, the new Arab elite adopted a simple monotheism influenced by Judaeo-Christianity, which they encountered in their newly acquired territories, and gradually developed it into the Arab religion. Not until the mid-8th century was this process completed.This interpretation of the evidence corroborates the view of other scholars, who on different grounds propose that Islam and the canonized version of the Koran were preceded by a long period of development. This new view turns on its head the traditional history of the rise of Islam, which claims that Islam began with Muhammad in Mecca and Medina around 622; then spread throughout Arabia under his charismatic leadership; and finally, after Muhammad's death (632), inspired his followers to conquer widespread territories both in the East and West. By contrast, Nevo and Koren suggest that the rise of the Arab state created a need for a state religion, eventually called Islam.This absorbing and controversial rethinking of Islam's early history is must reading for students and scholars of Islamic history and anyone interested in the origins of the world's second largest religion.Yehuda Nevo (1932-1992) was a practicing archaeologist who was Director of Field Research of the Negev Archaeological Project at his untimely death. His previous publications include Pagans and Herders (1991) and Ancient Arabic Inscriptions from the Negev (1993), coauthored with Zemira Cohen and Dalia Heftmann.Judith Koren (Haifa, Israel) is an information specialist who collaborated with Nevo for many years on the historical synthesis elaborated in Crossroads to Islam.