Author: Paul Graindor, Henri Grégoire
Includes section "Comptes rendus."
Bibliographie linguistique/ Linguistic Bibliography is the annual bibliography of linguistics published by the Permanent International Committee of Linguists under the auspices of the International Council of Philosophy and Humanistic Studies of UNESCO. With a tradition of more than forty years, Bibliographie linguistique is by far the most comprehensive bibliography in the field. It covers all branches of linguistics and related disciplines, both theoretical and descriptive, from all geographical areas, including less known and extinct languages. Up-to-date information is guaranteed by the collaboration of more than forty contributing specialists from all over the world. With over 21,000 titles arranged according to a detailed state-of-the-art classification, Bibliographie linguistique remains an inavaluable source of information for every student of language and linguistics.
The tension between women's workplace opportunity and family obligation is not exclusively a phenomenon of the 1980s, as George Alter makes abundantly clear in this study. His close investigation of women's lives in a nineteenth-century European industrial city advances our knowledge in several areas of social history, historical demography, and life course studies. It is the first monograph to apply event history analysis to the study of family history. In doing so, it moves beyond the static categories of traditional household studies to a dynamic view of the influence of the family on the life course decisions of individuals. In contrast to most previous historical studies of the family, this work focuses on the dynamic aspects of life course transitions (employment, marriage, household formation, childbearing) rather than the structure of households. In doing so, attention is shifted from the household as a decision-making unit to the role of family obligations and resources in the decisions of individuals. Thus, the family is viewed "from the inside out" through its effects on individual actors. Alter's work adds new insights to our understanding of the impact of industrialization on family structure and functioning, about women's work and labor force attachment, and about the ways in which a life course perspective can help to resolve controversies in the approach to family and household dynamics. His rich interpretations not only help to reconstruct the past, but place some current social issues into historical perspective--illegitimacy, nuclear family patterns, and women's dual family/work roles, among others.
Philippe Carrard, a historian and theorist of historical forms and functions, has an enviable reputation both in France and the U.S. He gives historiographers access to what writers of history in France have been doing the past 25 years, casting light on views of historiography put forward by literary theorists, by theorists of history, and by historians themselves. The field of historical theory has been dominated by Hayden White for a long time; Carrard bids fair to displace him, by showing how historians use other forms (i.e., in addition to narrative) for building their accounts. This book provides an overview of the current state of French historiography (touching on history of memory, contemporary history, political history, and other areas that the Annales school left out or rejected), but it aims to do more. Carrard examines conventions of historiographic writing at different levels, going from the structure of the whole book to specific points such as the use of the first person singular, the turn to figurative language, and the way documents are made part of the text. Throughout the book, Carrard is in constant dialogue with English-speaking theorists of history (from Ankersmit to Megill and many in between on our backlist), and among the many French theorists, he ranges from Henry Rousso to Paul Veyne, also on out backlist. He is at pains to keep the distinction between history and fiction clearly in sight, treating the uses of figurative languages, anachronisms, incompleteness of evidence, and more, all related to the poetics of French historiography, by which he means the study of the rules, codes, and conventions that operate in a given set of texts. "